The Mango Project : Upscaling Agricultural Technologies in Orchard Management

Kilifi county is the largest mango producer in Kenya,  accounting for 18% of the total mango production per season. An estimated 9,000 farmers grow conventional varieties like Kitovu, Mpunda and Boribo with an average yield of 300 and 800 fruits per tree. The targeted varieties – Apple and Ngowe, account for 39% and 17% of the national market respectively with improved yields of between 1,200 and 1,400 fruits per tree.

Mango production is significantly constrained by a variety of factors including insect pests that reduce yield directly by attacking crops, or indirectly by passing on viral diseases. Some of these insects are considered quarantine pests’ restrictions, resulting in the rejection of horticultural produce from Africa in export markets. In Kenya, most mango growers are smallholders who often lack access to effective pest and disease control tools, forcing them to rely on synthetic insecticides. Such products are often ineffective, as the pests eventually become resistant to them.

Our Approach

The “Upscaling Agricultural Technologies in Mango Orchard Management to Enhance Productivity and Incomes for Smallholder Farmers in Kilifi” aims at improving mango productivity and incomes for farmers in Kilifi County through the dissemination and upscaling of Integrated Pest Management technologies developed by ICIPE and KALRO which reduce yield losses and expenditure by the farmers and are also environmentally friendly and easy on the farmers’ health. The project targets 6,000 small-holder farmers from two (2) sub-counties; Kilifi North and Malindi. The farmers will be mobilized from six (6) wards; Jilore, Kakuyuni, Ganda, Dabaso, Matsangoni, and Tezo.

Using the Farmer Field School model, the IPM, CSA, and GAP technologies will be cascaded to the local level, with select mango champions facilitated with certified inputs and equipment, and IPM packages for mango orchard management.

Value addition is one of the projects’ top priority. It ensures the sustainability of the project for the foreseeable future. Farmers are able to hedge themselves from the risks of the market by preserving mango concentrate at KIRDI and other processing plants at a small fee. They can also choose to process it further into juice or other products. This increases the shelf-life from two (2) weeks up to a year. As a result, farmers are able to, during this period,  cushion themselves from adverse market movements.

Expected Outcomes

The projects expected outcomes include the following;

  • 8,000 farmers Indirectly reached by the project byQ4Y2
  • 4,800 farmers reached by the project and adopting new technologies
  • 1,200 people employed in Mango value chains by Q4Y2
  • 2 climate-smart technologies adopted (crop rotation, inter-cropping) Q4Y2
  • 500 acres of land under production of Mango Value chain Q4Y2
  • 200 tons of raw mango fruit products marketed by project farmers byQ4Y2
  • 9,000 of seedlings, scions, accessed by farmers / supplied to farmers by Q4 Y2
  • Access to financial education and incentives and financial awareness in order to rejuvenate their financial roots.

Outputs and Activities

Output Activities
Output 1: Farmers Adopt new climate smart technologies for Increased Production and Productivity of mango value chain. 1.1. Hold County, Sub County and Village Level Meetings to Mobilize Stakeholders and Create Awareness

1.2. Create and update farmers’ database (geo-referenced) and formation of Mango Famer Business Groups (FBGs)

1.3. Establish demonstration plots for IPM, GAP, post-harvest management

1.4. Hold farmer field days on various technologies and their utilization

1.5. Hold Consumer Trade Shows

Output 2: Farmers Linked to Commodity Markets and Deriving Economic Benefits 2.1. Map out markets and marketing channels for target value chains

2.2. Establishment of a digital mango platform to link producers to markets and service providers

Output 3: Increased Access and Use of Production Inputs for Mango Farmers 3.1. Map out farmer input requirements

3.2. Identify and train 20 mango farmer champions in the use of IPM and GAP

3.3. Identify and train existing mango nursery operators

3.4. Strengthening of existing mango nurseries by nursery operators.

3.5. Monitoring of Mango Nurseries by Agriculture extension officers.

3.6. Linkage between farmers and mango nursery operators’/mango farmer champion and other input suppliers

Output 4: Improved Access to Finance by Mango Farmers 4.1. Map out farmer financial requirements and financial service providers for the mango value chain.

4.2. Hold meetings between farmers and financial service providers to agree on working modalities

Output 5: Strengthen capacity of farmer in IPM, Mango orchard hygiene, GAP, and Business in the value chain 5.1. Conduct training needs assessments for farmers and relevant stakeholders in target value chain.

5.2. Conduct farmer-to-farmer learning tours in the target value chains

5.3. Hold learning, innovation platform meetings in the target value chains.

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